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Plastic waste, or plastic pollution, is 'the accumulation of plastic objects (e.g.: plastic bottles and much more) in the Earth's environment that adversely affects wildlife, wildlife habitat, and humans.

Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) has been mandated to formulate the guidelines for thermoset plastic (plastic difficult to recycle). In the earlier Rules, there was no specific provision for such type of plastic. Manufacturing and use of non-recyclable multi-layered plastic to be phased in two years.

As per the CPCB's report, India generates 56 lakh tones of plastic waste annually, out of which total plastic waste, which is collected and recycled in the country is estimated to be 9,205 tons per day (approximately 60% of total plastic waste), and 6,137 tones remain uncollected and littered. With an estimated packaging recycling rate of 30% - India lags many other developed countries in the recycling of these wastes. This leads to burden on the landfills and poor socio-economic conditions of the waste pickers.

Plastic Waste Management (PWM) Rules in India has been introduced with the primary objective to channelize the Plastic waste generated in the country for the environmentally sound recycling/processing and disposal, the major portion of which in the current scenario ends in the landfils, the open-air burning of which results in the higher pollution and less recovery, thereby causing damage to the environment.

In India, over the last few decades, the packaging industry in India has grown exponentially. If packaging materials are not disposed of correctly it ends up as a litter. (Source-CPCB). To develop a sustainable supply chain, strengthen the segregation and collection of plastic waste, lots of serious efforts are required at the ground with the collaboration of various stakeholders